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Boitano, G. ., & Abanto Aranda, D. F. (2020). Desafíos de las políticas de inclusión financiera en el Perú. Revista Finanzas Y Política Económica, 12(1), 89–117. https://doi.org/10.14718/revfinanzpolitecon.v12.n1.2020.3177
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Resumen

El objetivo de la investigación es identificar los principales determinantes de la inclusión financiera en el Perú a nivel departamental (sin Lima) de 2010 a 2017, con el fin de analizar los desafíos que enfrentan las políticas de inclusión financiera. Se usó un método GMM de dos etapas para estimar un modelo de datos de panel, donde la variable endógena es el índice de inclusión financiera de Sarma (2008). Los resultados
indican que la concentración bancaria es la principal variable que afecta la inclusión financiera. Al mismo tiempo, aunque el efecto de la tecnología es positivo, está disminuyendo con el tiempo debido al despliegue ineficiente de dicha tecnología y, en muchos casos, a una falta de conocimiento de cómo usarla, especialmente en las zonas remotas del Perú.

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